Epidemiology


Epidemiology

 

Services provided include:

  • Collection and Reporting of data associated with reportable diseases.
  • Works closely with medical providers in the Nolan, Scurry, Fisher, & Mitchell County areas to prevent and control the spread of communicable diseases.
  • Monitor trends that might indicate a biological or chemical threat
FAQ's about Communicable Disease Reporting and Surveillance
  1. Why report? Several Texas laws require that certain conditions be reported to the state or local health department (the Sweetwater-Nolan County Health Department).
      1. The Communicable Disease Prevention and Control Act (Health & Safety Code, Chapter 81)
      2. Article 97, Title 25, Texas Administrative Code

    All reports and sources of reports are strictly confidential.
  2. Who is responsible for reporting communicable diseases?
    • Physicians, dentists, veterinarians, chiropracters
    • Hospitals and hospital laboratories
    • School authorities, including a superintendent, principal, teacher, school health official or counselor
    • Any person having knowledge of a suspected reportable condition
  3. How long can I wait to report? The sooner a disease is reported, the better. Timely reports enable:
    • Early outbreak detection
    • Identification of risk factors
    • Intervention to interrupt spread of disease
    • Implementation and assessment of control factors
    • Determination of extent of morbidity/mortality
    • Dissiminating of information
    • Planning for the future
  4. Where do I report a suspected reportable condition?

    Call...

    The Sweetwater-Nolan County Health Department Surveillance at (325) 235-5463

    All information is confidential including the source of a communicable disease report.

  5. What is reportable? Confirmed or suspected cases of the following and any outbreaks, exotic disease, or unusual group expression of illness:
Conditions Immediately Reportable

Anthrax

Botulism, foodborne

Controlled Substance Overdose

Diphtheria

Haemophilus influenzae type b infections,

invasive

Lead, adult blood, any level

Lead, child blood, any level

Measles (rubeola)

Meningococcal infections, invasive

Plague

Poliomyelitis, acute paralytic
Rabies, human
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
Smallpox
Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant (VISA and VRSA)
Tularemia
Viral hemorrhagic fever
Yellow fever

 

Conditions Reportable Within One Working Day

Brucellosis

Hepatitis A (acute)

Influenza-associated pediatric mortality

Pertussis

Q fever
Rubella (including congenital)
Tuberculosis
Vibrio infection, including cholera

 

Conditions Reportable Within One Week

AIDS (use STD form)

Amebiasis

Arbovirus infection

Asbestosis

Botulism, infant, wound, and other

Campylobacteriosis

Chancroid (use STD form)

Chickenpox (varicella)

Chlamydia trachomatis infection (use STD

form)

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)

Cryptosporidiosis

Cyclosporiasis

Cysticercosis

Dengue

Ehrlichiosis

Encephalitis (specify etiology)

Escherichia coli, enterohemorrhagic

Gonorrhea (use STD form)

Hansen’s disease (leprosy)

Hantavirus infection

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)

Hepatitis B (acute and chronic) identified

prenatally or at delivery

Hepatitis B, C, D, E, and unspecified

(acute)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (use STD form)
Legionellosis
Leishmaniasis
Listeriosis
Lyme disease
Malaria
Meningitis (specify type)
Mumps
Pesticide poisoning, acute occupational
Relapsing fever
Salmonellosis, including typhoid fever
Shigellosis
Silicosis
Spotted fever group rickettsioses
Streptococcal disease (group A, B, S. pneumo), invasive
Syphilis (use STD form)
Taenia solium and undifferentiated
Taenia infection
Tetanus
Trichinosis
Typhus
West Nile Fever
Yersiniosis

 

Conditions Reportable Within 10 Work Days

Drowning/near drowning

Spinal cord injury

Traumatic brain injury

 

Conditions Reportable Within 1 Month

Contaminated sharps injury

 

Laboratories are required to report vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus species, vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus species, and penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae directly to the Texas Department of Health.

Laboratories, blood banks, mobile units and other facilities in which a laboratory examination of a blood specimen is made are required to report patients with a CD4+ T lymphocyte cell count below 200 cells per microliter of CD4+ T lymphocyte percentage less than 14%

To report a suspected or confirmed case of a condition listed above, contact :

Shelia Ellison, L.V.N. - (325) 235-5463

Source : Article 97, Title 25, Texas Administrative Code

 
Sweetwater - Nolan Country Health Department - 301 East 12th St. - Sweetwater, Texas 79556
Phone: (325) 235-5463 - Email: swnchd@camalott.com
www.nolancountyhealth.com